Know Your Skin Type

Knowing your skin type is the first step in ensuring your skin stays healthy and full of vitality. Below we list the five main skin types and how you can best manage yours.

People have different skin types that can be divided into five categories: oily skin, dry skin, normal skin, sensitive skin and combination skin, which is the most common. Having combination skin means that your face most likely has an oily zone that includes your forehead, nose, and chin, while the rest of your skin has normal to dry patches.

If you were to draw a line through these areas, it would look like the letter "T" — hence, the commonly used beauty term, the T-Zone. The T-Zone is oilier than the rest of your face because it has a higher percentage of oil glands. These areas tend to break out more often and have a higher tendency toward blackheads, whiteheads, irritation, sunburn, and redness.

Caring for your T-Zone is easy: Just remember to keep your hands away from your face, and use a toner or astringent in addition to your cleanser to help keep the area clean.

Normal Skin

Normal skin is generally the healthiest type of skin, with a good balance between oil and moisture. Pores are small and barely visible, and the skin has few breakouts, while the texture is smooth, supple and neither oily nor dry to the touch.

Normal skin needs little treatment, but a daily routine is important for maintaining overall skin health.

Sensitive skin

Sensitive skin is possibly the most difficult to maintain of all the skin types, due to the reactions it often has to skin care products, environmental factors such as harsh weather, excessive sun exposure and other treatments such as waxing.

For people with sensitive skin, it helps if products are used that do not contain any perfumes, dyes or chemicals. Be sure to choose a range of skin care products that are designed for sensitive skin, ad protect your skin as much as possible for the weather, particularly wind and sun.

Oily skin

If you have oily skin, it’s probably due to an over secretion of sebum - that is, the oil that is produced in the subcutaneous glands of the skin. Sebum is important to all mammals as a protective covering for the skin,but unfortunately it can wreak havoc if it’s overproduced, as is often the case with teenagers reaching puberty.

Unfortunately, oily skin can not only block the pores of the skin, leading to blackeads, whiteheads, pimples or acne, but also attracts dust and dirt from the environment. It’s important that oily skin is thoroughly cleaned every day with a good cleanser, and a toner is used to help reduce the size of pores.

In some cases, excessive oil can build up in the subcutaneous glands, leading to small cysts. Although these are not usually dangerous, they can be painful if they become enlarged.


Skin classified as mature when you detect a loss of tone and the skin exhibits a crepelike texture.Its saggy and loose with many fine lines and atleast a few shallow or deap wrinlkles. Mostly found on the skin of over 50 as part of natural ageing process. Good genes, plenty of natural oil in skin, good nutrition and consistent skin care can determine to what extent the mature skin appears. Mature skin more comfortable in warmer climates with higer humidity. In cooler area it ages faster. Such skin may have hyper pigmentation (age spots, freckles or liver spots) depending on an individual’s history of sun exposure, smoking and alcohol consumption. There are many skin disorders that people have to contend with, wrinkles and fine lines being just one of them. Like the rest of our organs and body, skin ages. It becomes drier with age. Less collagen means less skin elasticity and suppleness, resulting in more wrinkles.

Dry skin

Unlike oily skin, dry skin is often the result of a low production of sebum, and often fails to retain moisture as a result. Dry skin also ages faster than other skin types because the dehydration it suffers can more easily lead to fine lines and wrinkles.

If you have dry skin, it’s not enough to only moisturise once a day. Make sure you use a good day cream in the morning and a deep hydrating night cream as well. Drinking a lot of water can also help, as this increases the overall hydration level of the body.